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There are four types of skin infection: bacterial; viral; fungal; parasitic; Some skin infections require medical treatment. Parasitic skin infection: When small organisms or insects burrow under the skin and lay eggs, it has chances to result in parasitic skin infection. Fungal and bacterial infections are by far the most common. Skin yeast infections are usually found on warm, moist parts of the body. Staphylococcal infections (often shortened to Staph) mainly affect the skin. What Causes Some Men to Have Dry, Brittle Hair and How to Treat It, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI. Bacterial skin infections exist and can be contracted quite easily and spread from one person to another, from the contact of skin or surfaces. Alopecia related dog skin problems have multiple potential causes, including stress and poor nutrition, as well as allergies, parasites and bacterial infections mentioned above. Ringworm is another fungal infection. Similar in appearance to cellulitis, which occurs in the lower layers of the skin, erysipelas is caused by Streptococcus bacteria. 2. Fungi are by nature considered opportunistic. The four types of skin infections are bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic. More complex infections may require a consultation with a dermatologist or even a rheumatologist. For example, ringworm often causes a distinct circular, scaly rash. There are many species of candida that exists on the skin. Folliculitis. Erythrasma develops in areas where skin touches skin, such as the armpits, groin, or between the toes. J Glob Infect Dis. These infections range from mild to severe. See a doctor if you have symptoms of cellulitis or abscess. Bacterial infection include cellulitis, impetigo, and staph skin infections. 10 Types of Skin Infections . The most common type, herpetic impetigo, begins as an outbreak of tiny blisters that rupture, ooze fluid, and eventually form a honey-colored crust. For example, you may experience multiple bouts of athlete’s foot if you’re a runner or if you sweat a lot. People with erythrasma are usually asymptomatic, but mild itchiness or burning may be present, especially if the infection is located in the groin area. Viral skin infections tend to be much more aggressive and virulent if the immune system, especially the T-cell system, is inadequate. There are many species of candida that exists on the skin. Shaving or plucking hairs can also increase risk.. Can I Use Neosporin for My Eye Infection? Ringworm is treated by an ingested anti-fungal medicine. Boils and carbuncles: How are boils treated? Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a serious bacterial infection that is resistant to standard antibiotic treatment. It will often cause a mild, ulcerative sore on the skin and can sometimes lead to serious infections. Probably the most common thing fungi do to the body is cause annoying, itchy skin problems: Athlete's foot (what doctors call tinea pedis) is a condition in which tiny fungi grow in between your toes, making the skin really itchy and sore. Some of these candida yeast infections can be explained as follows: Perleche or angular cheilitis; This is the softening of the skin that has deep creases around the angles of your mouth. Some of them are quite common and familiar to everyone, while others are pretty rare. Trusted information on medical conditions Have a health concern? One huge difference between viral skin infections and bacterial or fungal skin infections is the fact that viral skin infections can’t be cured using antibiotics or antifungal drugs. While bacterial folliculitis usually heals on its own without any special treatment, more severe cases may require antibiotics. Bacterial and viral infections are hard to contract. Here is a rundown of the nine most common bacterial infections and how to identify them. It is sometimes called “Pseudomonas folliculitis” or “Jacuzzi folliculitis" because it is contracted through contaminated whirlpools, hot tubs (especially wooden ones), water slides, physiotherapy pools, or even loofah sponges.. Two common types are Staphylococcus epidermis and Staphylococcus aureus. These types of bacterial skin infections are not discussed in this article. The classical example is in HIV and skin disease but unusual and gross viral infections of the skin may occur in any condition in which immunity is impaired. Here are some of the most common types of fungal infections: Tinea versicolor Also known as pityriasis versicolor, tinea versicolor is a fungal infection that affects the epidermis, the topmost layer of the skin. Viral infections, like influenza, are caused by viruses, and can be somewhat difficult to treat. See a doctor if you have pus-filled blisters or a skin infection that doesn’t improve or gets progressively worse. The most common types of viral skin infections are: shingles (herpes zoster), chickenpox, Molluscum contagiosum, warts, measles, hand, foot, and mouth disease. Erysipelas, which is colloquially known as St. Anthony's Fire because of the intense, burning sensation that characterizes it, infects the top two layers of the skin. Bacterial skin infections are usually caused by gram-positive strains of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus or other organisms. Michael Y, Shaukat NM. These types of bacterial skin infections are not discussed in this article. MRSA is a type of … Types of skin infections include ringworm, athlete's foot, and yeast caused by fungi. Fungal infections of the skin most commonly occur in areas that retain moisture, either as a result of perspiration, or areas that are covered by fabric for long periods of time being kept damp. CDC / Bruno Coignard, M.D. Most are easy to identify and treat; rarely is a skin infection a serious threat to overall health. There are many types of skin infections, but they usually fall into three categories: Fungal, Bacterial and Viral. Hot tub folliculitis is characterized by pus-filled bumps and an itchy red rash that appears anywhere from a few hours to several days after exposure to the bacteria. Staphylococcal infections (often shortened to Staph) mainly affect the skin. If the strain of bacteria is resistant to treatment, treating the infection may require intravenous antibiotics administered in the hospital. Types of Skin Infections. You can use over-the-counter antifungal sprays and creams to treat a fungal skin infection. Applying warm compresses can help drain a furuncle of pus, but In severe cases, it may have to be lanced in the doctor's office.. Laboratory tests are usually required to accurately diagnose MRSA. Warning: graphic images ahead. Cellulitis affects the two deepest layers of the skin—the dermis and the subcutaneous tissue. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. The classical example is in HIV and skin disease but unusual and gross viral infections of the skin may occur in any condition in which immunity is impaired. All rights reserved. A fungal infection causes athlete's foot. Wearing sweaty or wet clothes is a risk factor for skin infections. It is caused by the Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria, which can even survive in chlorinated water, making it tougher to kill. Athlete’s foot can lead to extreme itching, redness, and cracked skin on the feet and in between the toes. Clin Med (Lond). Erythrasma is a superficial skin infection caused by the Corynebacterium minutissimum bacteria. Types of fungal infection. Last medically reviewed on January 26, 2017, The human digestive system is the means by which tissues and organs receive nutrients to function. Certain strains of bacteria, such as methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), are resistant to common antibiotics and are more difficult to treat. They usually cause mild infections, but these can be more serious in people with cancer. Updated December 20, 2019. If your hair tends to be dry, you may want to try changing your hair care routine. Read on to learn more about skin infections and what to do if you have one. Here is a list of 25 with pictures. Carbuncle. Skin infections. Proper hygiene is important to prevent these types of skin infections or to prevent the progression of existing infections. In some cases, skin infections can be caused by an injury, especially when your injury is exposed to the environment. In the most serious cases, a bacterial infection can spread to the bloodstream and cause sepsis, which may be life-threatening.. Trichomycosis is found in the sweat gland areas, such as the pubic or axillary (armpit) areas, caused by the hair shafts. Infection happens when you have too much yeast, or when it gets into a cut on your skin. [citation needed] They comprise a category of infections termed skin and skin structure infections (SSSIs), or skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), and acute bacterial SSSIs (ABSSSIs). Updated April 30, 2019. Common symptoms include redness of the skin and a rash. Boils are common in children, those with poor hygiene and … Boils and carbuncles: How are boils treated? Getting a cut or scratch doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll develop a skin infection, but it does increase your risk if you have a weakened immune system. Not all bacteria will cause an infection, though. Many types of bacteria can infect the skin. There are many types of skin infections but the one thing all have in common is they can be unsightly, uncomfortable, and even painful. Bacterial infections are often treated with topical antibiotics applied directly to the skin or with oral antibiotics. Athlete’s Foot Also known as tinea pedis, it affects the foot, and in some cases, the toenails.Men are more affected by this infection than women. Fungi usually make their homes in moist areas of the body where skin surfaces meet: between the toes, in the genital area, and under the breasts. Authoritative facts from DermNet New Zealand. Fungal infections are some of the most common skin infections. Erysipelas. One huge difference between viral skin infections and bacterial or fungal skin infections is the fact that viral skin infections can’t be cured using antibiotics or antifungal drugs. Treatments for the less serious infections are often available over the counter at drug or department stores. It's an unfortunate fact, but your feet are prone to fungal infections. Fungal infections are caused by fungi, and these usually develop on a person's skin. It helps prevent the uncomfortable skin chafing that many cyclists…. If a boil breaks open, it will probably drain pus. A felon is an infection at the tip of the finger. A break or cut in the skin may allow bacteria to get into the deeper layers of the skin. Apply cold compresses to your skin several times a day to reduce itching and inflammation. The most common cause of a carbuncle is the staph bacteria.. Some bacterial infections are mild and easily treated with topical antibiotics, but other infections require an oral antibiotic. What are causes and risk factors for a skin infection? 9. It … Skin infections are caused by any invading microorganisms and cause complications to the immune system that causes visual symptoms of the surface of the skin. 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